Robin McKenzie created this method of physiotherapy. It is based on the diagnosis and treatment of pain syndromes of the spine and limbs. It is based on knowledge of pain patterns and pain behaviour analysis, both in the detailed history and in physical examination.

The author of this method has developed a treatment process which, in addition to the techniques used by a therapist, focuses its attention on patient's movement at home: exercises and self-therapy. Much attention is focused on education and prevention in order to protect the spine from further injury and overloading. Conditions of the spine are divided into three groups, taking into account the cause and the degree of degenerative changes in the spine and major joints.

These are:

  1. Postural syndrome.
  2. Dysfunctional syndrome.
  3. Structural syndrome.